Title

× Close

The Field

Sports news and scores

international football

The football wrap: FC Goa edge past Chennaiyin FC 5-4 in ISL dead rubber, and other top stories

Tributes continue to pour in for the victims and the families of the Chapecoense Real players who died in a plane crash on Tuesday.

The big story: FC Goa thrill in front of the home fans

Both FC Goa and Chennaiyin FC fielded young players in their last Indian Super League match this season on Thursday with the result already a foregone conclusion. The Gaurs had lost four times at home coming into the season, and it took only four minutes for Marco Materazzi’s side to take the lead in the game. After 40 minutes, four more goals were scored in the game.

Goa came out strongly in the second half and took the lead with strikes from Sahil Tavora and Rafael Coelho. John Arne Riise then equalised from the spot with three minutes left for full time. Deep into stoppage time, Tavora scored one of the goals of the Indian Super League, showing exquisite control to bring down a Sanjay Balmuchu pass, cutting in, and unleashing an unstoppable shot beyond Chennayin keeper Karanjit Singh to win 5-4.

Other top stories:

  1. In the wake of the plane crash, which killed 76 passengers including the Brazilian first-division side Chapecoence Real, former Brazilian star Ronaldinho and Argentine playmaker Juan Roman Riquelme have offered to come out of retirement to help the tragedy-hit side. Tributes continue to pour in from all quarters
  2. Tottenham Hotspur striker Harry Kane penned a six-year contract, keeping him at his boyhood club till 2022. The deal is worth £32 million.
  3.  The police in England have revealed that 350 people have come forward to report child abuse in football, and have identified 10 suspects, reported The Guardian.
  4. Arsenal midfielder Santi Cazorla will miss out on atleast another three months of action after suffering an ankle injury. The Spaniard has not started for the Gunners since October. 
  5. Inter Milan legend Luisito Suarez stated that Barcelona superstar Lionel Messi had almost signed for the Nerrazzuri a decade ago. The Spaniard, who was one of stars of the 1960s, stated that the Argentine legend had signed a pre-contractual agreement with Inter, only for the deal to fall through.
  6. The All India Football Federation won the developing member association of the year award at the Asian Football Confederation Awards.
We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.
Sponsored Content BULLETIN BY 

Making transportation more sustainable even with fuel-based automobiles

These innovations can reduce the pollution caused by vehicles.

According to the WHO’s Ambient Air Pollution Database released in 2016, ten of the twenty most polluted cities in the world are in India, with Gwalior and Ahmedabad occupying the second and third positions. Pollution levels are usually expressed in the levels of particulate matter (PM) in the air. This refers to microscopic matter that is a mixture of smoke, metals, chemicals and dust suspended in the atmosphere that can affect human health. Particulate matter is easily inhaled, and can cause allergies and diseases such as asthma, lung cancer and cardiovascular diseases. Indian cities have some of the highest levels of PM10 (particles smaller than 10 micrometres in diameter) and PM2.5 particles (particles smaller than 2.5 micrometres in diameter). The finer the particulate matter, the deeper into your lungs it can penetrate causing more adverse effects. According to WHO, the safe limits for PM2.5 is 10 micrograms per cubic meter.

Emissions resulting from transportation is regarded as one of the major contributors to pollution levels, especially particulate matter. A study conducted by the Centre for Ecological Sciences of the Indian Institute of Science estimated that the transport sector constitutes 32% of Delhi’s emissions. It makes up 43% of Chennai’s emissions, and around 17% of Mumbai’s emissions.

Controlling emissions is a major task for cities and auto companies. The Indian government, to this end, has set emission standards for automobiles called the Bharat Stage emission standard, which mirrors European standards. This emission standard was first instituted in 1991 and has been regularly updated to follow European developments with a time lag of about 5 years. Bharat Stage IV emission norms have been the standard in 2010 in 13 major cities. To tackle air pollution that has intensified since then, the Indian government announced that Bharat Stage V norms would be skipped completely, and Stage VI norms would be adopted directly in 2020.

But sustainability in transport requires not only finding techniques to reduce the emissions from public and private transport but also developing components that are environment friendly. Car and auto component manufacturers have begun optimising products to be gentler on the environment and require lesser resources to manufacture, operate and maintain.

There are two important aspects of reducing emissions. The first is designing vehicles to consume less fuel. The second is making the emissions cleaner by reducing the toxic elements.

In auto exteriors, the focus is on developing light-weight but strong composite materials to replace metal. A McKinsey study estimates that plastic and carbon fibre can reduce weight by about 20% and 50% respectively. A lighter body reduces the engine effort and results in better fuel economy. Additionally, fuel efficiency can be increased by reducing the need for air conditioning which puts additional load on the vehicle engine thereby increasing fuel consumption. Automotive coatings (paints) and sheets provide better insulation, keep the vehicle cool and reduce the use of air conditioning.

Most emissions are the result of inefficient engines. Perhaps the most significant innovations in making automobiles and mass transport systems more eco-friendly are being done in the engine. Innovations include products like fuel additives, which improve engine performance, resist corrosion and reduce fuel consumption while offering a great driving experience, and catalytic converters that reduce toxic emissions by converting them to less harmful output such as carbon dioxide, Nitrogen and water. Some of these catalytic converters are now capable of eliminating over 90 percent of hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide and nitrogen oxides.

All of these are significant measures to bring the negative impacts of vehicular pollution under control. With over 2 million vehicles being produced in India in 2015 alone and the moving to BS VI emission standards, constant innovation is imperative.

Beyond this, in commercial as well as passenger vehicles, companies are innovating with components and processes to enable higher resource efficiency. Long-lasting paint coatings, made of eco-friendly materials that need to be refreshed less often are being developed. Companies are also innovating with an integrated coating process that enables carmakers to cut out an entire step of coating without compromising the colour result or the properties of the coating, saving time, materials and energy. Efforts are being made to make the interiors more sustainable. Parts like the instrument panel, dashboard, door side panels, seats, and locks can all be created with material like polyurethane plastic that is not only comfortable, durable and safe but also easily recyclable. Manufacturers are increasingly adopting polyurethane plastic like BASF’s Elastollan® for these very reasons.

From pioneering the development of catalytic converters in 1975 to innovating with integrated process technology for coatings, BASF has always been at the forefront of innovation when it comes to making transport solutions more sustainable. The company has already developed the technology to handle the move of emissions standards from BS IV to BS VI.

For the future, given the expected rise in the adoption of electric cars—an estimated 5~8 percent of car production is expected to be pure electric or plug-in electric vehicles by 2020—BASF is also developing materials that enable electric car batteries to last longer and achieve higher energy density, making electronic mobility more feasible. To learn more about how BASF is making transport more sustainable, see here.

Watch the video to see how automotive designers experimented with cutting edge materials from BASF to create an innovative concept car.

Play

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of BASF and not by the Scroll editorial team.

× Close