indian cricket

These three charts prove that India's middle-order in ODIs does not pack the punch it once did

As the Indian team goes into its last ODI series before its Champions trophy defence, it needs to solve its middle-order puzzle.

The last time Yuvraj Singh was in the Indian One-Day International team three years ago, he cut a forlorn figure on the cricket field. Any person who had dropped two tough catches – Quinton de Kock, who would go on to score his third successive hundred, and the one who shall not be named AB – was bound to be disappointed. He was running on borrowed time and nostalgia value: he had painfully amassed 276 runs over 15 innings in 2013, at a strike rate of less than 80, and his bowling had petered out. By the time the second innings was washed out by persistent rain and the match was abandoned, the writing was on the wall.

The end of 2013 marked, in many ways, the end of the Indian team’s most successful ODI epoch. Between Sachin Tendulkar’s last outing in coloured clothing in March 2012, and Yuvraj Singh’s above-mentioned then-last ODI in December 2013, the team that had tasted success had been disbanded. The purge included important cogs like Virender Sehwag, Gautam Gambhir and Zaheer Khan, and other players who shone briefly like Yusuf Pathan, S Sreesanth, and Piyush Chawla. The cumulative experience of these men tallied an astronomical 1,500 ODIs. It was not that the others were safe either; at the time, only Virat Kohli and MS Dhoni were not on the selectorial chopping board. By all counts, it was going to be difficult to find replacements.

The Indian team had been at a similar juncture sometime back. Just around six years prior, the team had to make a tough choice. Three stalwarts – Ganguly, Dravid and Laxman – were overlooked for the triangular series during the 2007-’08 tour to Australia. The reason that was bandied about was “fielding issues”. Dhoni, with the weight of the 2007 World Twenty20 victory behind him, had pushed for youth (as an aside, this very selection scene from his biopic was edited before release to remove the names of these cricketers). But with India winning the CB series, the move was hailed as a masterstroke.

2013 was also the year of India’s Champions trophy victory, which completed Dhoni’s box set. The presence of three Indians each among the top six in the batting and bowling charts hinted at a brave new world. If one were to only look at the top order, by all counts it has been a successful transition. The much pilloried Rohit Sharma has been a great success as a naturalised opener, playing some gargantuan knocks (four 150+ scores) in the process.

Since 2008, the Indian top-order (1-3) has been in rude health. Recently, they have gone from strength to strength, and have improved upon the already high batting average against the top teams. Out of the top-nine teams, they boast of the highest batting average amongst the lot and their strike rate is very much in the mix. Of course, it also helps to have world-class ODI personnel like Rohit Sharma and Virat Kohli in the team.

Indian top-order (1-3)
Indian top-order (1-3)

On the other hand, the middle-order (4-7) paints a totally different story. In the heady days of 2008-’10 and 2011-’13, the Indian team’s middle order had the best batting average and strike-rate statistics against the other top-nine teams. The foundation of India’s 2011 World cup victory was built on shaking the ‘90s tag of poor chasers and pivoting to a chase-first team under Dhoni’s stewardship. But the last three years have been a departure from these ideals, and the middle-order’s returns have declined in the format (fifth, behind South Africa, England, New Zealand and England).

Indian middle-order (4-7)
Indian middle-order (4-7)

A single statistic to capture their fall would be the Batting Index (BI). The BI is a product of the Batting Average (BA) and the Strike Rate (SR), divided by 100. Since both the constituent measures are important in ODIs, it follows that a high value of the mathematical product (BI) encompasses information about both quantities.

The BI for the Indian middle order against the top teams has registered the steepest fall from its earlier peak. The plot clearly shows that the Indian middle order regressed while nearly every other top team has improved its showing in the last three years. Indian players are conspicuous by the paucity of 30-plus at a 150-plus SR in the same time period; same goes for 50-plus partnerships at 150-plus SR. Meaning, the middle-order does not pack the punch it once did. On this note, India certainly overachieved in the 2015 World Cup by reaching the semis.

Ever since Kagiso Rabada thwarted Dhoni in Kanpur in 2015, there have been murmurs about the former Indian captain’s finishing ability. Dhoni also registered some average numbers last year: an average of under 28 and a strike rate of 80, well below his stellar career benchmarks. There is also a genuine debate about his right position. However, the others have not contributed to the confusion either: the Kohli experiment at No. 4 in 2015 was a failure, Rahane has not been trusted on slower pitches, Raina could not hold his place in the team, and barring KL Rahul, the IPL has not thrown in any new names into the mix.

In the six years preceding this era, a total of 23 players were tried in the middle-order, featuring in 162 matches against top opposition. That already 18 players have featured in over 50 matches against the top teams in the last three years shows the kind of flux the Indian middle-order is in (matches against Zimbabwe were not included as they tend to have experimental sides).

As the Indian team goes into its last ODI series before its Champions trophy defence, it needs to solve its middle-order puzzle. It is also clear that India needs Dhoni in his best form to have any chance. Kedar Jadhav, Rahul and Manish Pandey have shown glimpses of their ability no doubt, but the selection of an old hand in Yuvraj Singh shows the selectors’ desperation in the matter.

Back in 2003, Abhijit Kale was banned for allegedly offering a bribe to get selected in the Indian middle-order. Today, one suspects that the selectors would be happy to offer money to anyone to unearth two worthy middle-order fixtures for the Indian team (with my tongue firmly in cheek).

PaajivsPunter is an anonymous collaborative blog. They write opinion pieces, commentary, perspectives, satire, analytical features and long-form narratives on cricket.

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Distribution and water loss issues: Distribution challenges, such as water loss due to theft, pilferage, leaky pipes and faulty meter readings, result in unequal and unregulated distribution of water. In New Delhi, for example, water distribution loss was reported to be about 40% as per a study. In Mumbai, where most residents get only 2-5 hours of water supply per day, the non-revenue water loss is about 27% of the overall water supply. This strains the municipal body’s budget and impacts the improvement of distribution infrastructure. Factors such as difficult terrain and legal issues over buildings also affect water supply to many parts. According to a study, only 5% of piped water reaches slum areas in 42 Indian cities, including New Delhi. A 2011 study also found that 95% of households in slum areas in Mumbai’s Kaula Bunder district, in some seasons, use less than the WHO-recommended minimum of 50 litres per capita per day.

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Recycling and harvesting: Raw sewage water which is dumped into oceans damages the coastal eco-system. Instead, this could be used as a cheaper alternative to fresh water for industrial purposes. According to a 2011 World Bank report, 13% of total freshwater withdrawal in India is for industrial use. What’s more, the industrial demand for water is expected to grow at a rate of 4.2% per year till 2025. Much of this demand can be met by recycling and treating sewage water. In Mumbai for example, 3000 MLD of sewage water is released, almost 80% of fresh water availability. This can be purified and utilised for industrial needs. An example of recycled sewage water being used for industrial purpose is the 30 MLD waste water treatment facility at Gandhinagar and Anjar in Gujarat set up by Welspun India Ltd.

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This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of BASF and not by the Scroll editorial team.