IPL 10

Nitish Rana & resurgent Rohit Sharma fashion 6-wicket win for Mumbai Indians against Gujarat Lions

The Mumbai skipper was instrumental during the chase, scoring 40 from 29 balls after a poor run of scores in the tournament.

Mumbai Indians continued their winning streak in the Indian Premier League, picking up their fourth win in five games against Gujarat Lions on Sunday. The win takes them top of the table.

Harbhajan Singh was instrumental in keeping the run-rate in check and keeping the Lions’ total down to 170 in in their quota of overs, with Brendon McCullum and Dinesh Karthik’s classy knocks notwithstanding. Nitish Rana, Kieron Pollard and Rohit Sharma made easy work of the chase. The Mumbai skipper bounced back to form and was instrumental in taking his team over the line.

Finch’s kitbag fiasco, Munaf’s comeback

In a bizarre turn of events, Gujarat Lions opener Aaron Finch sat out of the game after losing his kitbag in Rajkot, and was forced to sit out of the game. One wonders what some of the cricketers of the past, who regularly shared bats, pads, helmets etc. think about this situation?

In other matters, 2011 World Cup winner Munaf Patel made his way back in an Indian Premier League match for the first time in four years. The Lions also gave forgotten man Manpreet Gony his first IPL in four years by picking him in the auctions. Incidentally, Patel was a Mumbai Indians player during his last outing in the franchise-based event.

Buccaneering Baz

Image Credit: Vipin Pawar/ IPL/ Sportzpics
Image Credit: Vipin Pawar/ IPL/ Sportzpics

Mumbai Indians got off to a terrific start, getting rid of the dangerous Dwayne Smith early. The Lions needed inspiration and Brendon McCullum launched into the opposition bowlers. The momentum swing was largely aided by targeting Lasith Malinga, tonking him for two huge sixes.

The former New Zealand skipper looked in solid touch against Kolkata Knight Riders and against Rising Pune Supergiants, against whom he played breezy cameos. Here, he was calculative when going after the bowlers and set a solid platform for his side. Malinga, though, had his revenge in his return spell, castling McCullum for 64.

Take on Bhajji if you can

Image Credit: Rahul Gulati - Sportzpics - IPL
Image Credit: Rahul Gulati - Sportzpics - IPL

It was a new day but Harbhajan Singh continued to stifle batsmen with yet another economical spell. In the four games he has played so far, he has ended up with an economy rate of over six just once.

Even some of the cleaners hitters in the game such as McCullum and Suresh Raina struggled with Harbhajan. After hitting the pacers out of the attack, the wily 35-year-old kept the scoring rate in check remarkably.

Raina in particular, had a torrid time against his former teammate, especially with deliveries that were slower in the air. The southpaw, frustrated by the runs drying up holed out for 28 while trying to hit Harbhajan out of the park. The veteran, though, was let down by his support cast. He is not playing One-day cricket here but these are his figures in the IPL so far:
4-0-27-0 vs RPS,
4-0-23-2 vs KKR,
4-0-23-0 vs SRH, 4-0-22-1 vs GL.

Nitish Rana continues to soar

Just like the Lions’ innings, Mumbai also lost an early wicket with Parthiv Patel’s stay at the crease ending cheaply. With quick runs the need of the hour, it was Nitish Rana who took charge of the run-chase while designated power-hitter Jos Buttler sat back and played the sheet-anchor’s role.

Rana kept the scoreboard ticking and found the boundary at regular intervals. A couple of huge hits over the fence yet again underlined his six-hitting prowess. With 193 runs from five games, the Delhi lad holds the purple cap, and on his way to becoming the breakthrough player of the tournament. Luck also smiled brightly on him with Jason Roy dropping a sitter of the impressive Basil Thampi when Rana was on nine.

Are you chasing? Call Pollard, maybe

At the Chinnaswamy Stadium against Royal Challengers Bangalore, Kieran Pollard had to weather the storm before going after the bowlers, a test he passed with flying colours.

Here, the Lions were staging a comeback in the contest after dismissing the well-set Rana and Buttler. With the help of Rohit Sharma, who was finally back amongst the runs, Pollard was at his belligerent best, smashing the ball over the boundary at will.

Yet again, the burly West Indian failed stay till the end of the game, holing to Ravindra Jadeja at deep mid-wicket. The damage though, was already done as Rohit and Hardik Pandya took their side home with elan.

We welcome your comments at letters@scroll.in.
Sponsored Content BY 

India’s urban water crisis calls for an integrated approach

We need solutions that address different aspects of the water eco-system and involve the collective participation of citizens and other stake-holders.

According to a UN report, around 1.2 billion people, or almost one fifth of the world’s population, live in areas where water is physically scarce and another 1.6 billion people, or nearly one quarter of the world’s population, face economic water shortage. They lack basic access to water. The criticality of the water situation across the world has in fact given rise to speculations over water wars becoming a distinct possibility in the future. In India the problem is compounded, given the rising population and urbanization. The Asian Development Bank has forecast that by 2030, India will have a water deficit of 50%.

Water challenges in urban India

For urban India, the situation is critical. In 2015, about 377 million Indians lived in urban areas and by 2030, the urban population is expected to rise to 590 million. Already, according to the National Sample Survey, only 47% of urban households have individual water connections and about 40% to 50% of water is reportedly lost in distribution systems due to various reasons. Further, as per the 2011 census, only 32.7% of urban Indian households are connected to a piped sewerage system.

Any comprehensive solution to address the water problem in urban India needs to take into account the specific challenges around water management and distribution:

Pressure on water sources: Rising demand on water means rising pressure on water sources, especially in cities. In a city like Mumbai for example, 3,750 Million Litres per Day (MLD) of water, including water for commercial and industrial use, is available, whereas 4,500 MLD is needed. The primary sources of water for cities like Mumbai are lakes created by dams across rivers near the city. Distributing the available water means providing 386,971 connections to the city’s roughly 13 million residents. When distribution becomes challenging, the workaround is to tap ground water. According to a study by the Centre for Science and Environment, 48% of urban water supply in India comes from ground water. Ground water exploitation for commercial and domestic use in most cities is leading to reduction in ground water level.

Distribution and water loss issues: Distribution challenges, such as water loss due to theft, pilferage, leaky pipes and faulty meter readings, result in unequal and unregulated distribution of water. In New Delhi, for example, water distribution loss was reported to be about 40% as per a study. In Mumbai, where most residents get only 2-5 hours of water supply per day, the non-revenue water loss is about 27% of the overall water supply. This strains the municipal body’s budget and impacts the improvement of distribution infrastructure. Factors such as difficult terrain and legal issues over buildings also affect water supply to many parts. According to a study, only 5% of piped water reaches slum areas in 42 Indian cities, including New Delhi. A 2011 study also found that 95% of households in slum areas in Mumbai’s Kaula Bunder district, in some seasons, use less than the WHO-recommended minimum of 50 litres per capita per day.

Water pollution and contamination: In India, almost 400,000 children die every year of diarrhea, primarily due to contaminated water. According to a 2017 report, 630 million people in the South East Asian countries, including India, use faeces-contaminated drinking water source, becoming susceptible to a range of diseases. Industrial waste is also a major cause for water contamination, particularly antibiotic ingredients released into rivers and soils by pharma companies. A Guardian report talks about pollution from drug companies, particularly those in India and China, resulting in the creation of drug-resistant superbugs. The report cites a study which indicates that by 2050, the total death toll worldwide due to infection by drug resistant bacteria could reach 10 million people.

A holistic approach to tackling water challenges

Addressing these challenges and improving access to clean water for all needs a combination of short-term and medium-term solutions. It also means involving the community and various stakeholders in implementing the solutions. This is the crux of the recommendations put forth by BASF.

The proposed solutions, based on a study of water issues in cities such as Mumbai, take into account different aspects of water management and distribution. Backed by a close understanding of the cost implications, they can make a difference in tackling urban water challenges. These solutions include:

Recycling and harvesting: Raw sewage water which is dumped into oceans damages the coastal eco-system. Instead, this could be used as a cheaper alternative to fresh water for industrial purposes. According to a 2011 World Bank report, 13% of total freshwater withdrawal in India is for industrial use. What’s more, the industrial demand for water is expected to grow at a rate of 4.2% per year till 2025. Much of this demand can be met by recycling and treating sewage water. In Mumbai for example, 3000 MLD of sewage water is released, almost 80% of fresh water availability. This can be purified and utilised for industrial needs. An example of recycled sewage water being used for industrial purpose is the 30 MLD waste water treatment facility at Gandhinagar and Anjar in Gujarat set up by Welspun India Ltd.

Another example is the proposal by Navi Mumbai Municipal Corporation (NMMC) to recycle and reclaim sewage water treated at its existing facilities to meet the secondary purposes of both industries and residential complexes. In fact, residential complexes can similarly recycle and re-use their waste water for secondary purposes such as gardening.

Also, alternative rain water harvesting methods such as harvesting rain water from concrete surfaces using porous concrete can be used to supplement roof-top rain water harvesting, to help replenish ground water.

Community initiatives to supplement regular water supply: Initiatives such as community water storage and decentralised treatment facilities, including elevated water towers or reservoirs and water ATMs, based on a realistic understanding of the costs involved, can help support the city’s water distribution. Water towers or elevated reservoirs with onsite filters can also help optimise the space available for water distribution in congested cities. Water ATMs, which are automated water dispensing units that can be accessed with a smart card or an app, can ensure metered supply of safe water.

Testing and purification: With water contamination being a big challenge, the adoption of affordable and reliable multi-household water filter systems which are electricity free and easy to use can help, to some extent, access to safe drinking water at a domestic level. Also, the use of household water testing kits and the installation of water quality sensors on pipes, that send out alerts on water contamination, can create awareness of water contamination and drive suitable preventive steps.

Public awareness and use of technology: Public awareness campaigns, tax incentives for water conservation and the use of technology interfaces can also go a long way in addressing the water problem. For example, measures such as water credits can be introduced with tax benefits as incentives for efficient use and recycling of water. Similarly, government water apps, like that of the Municipal Corporation of Greater Mumbai, can be used to spread tips on water saving, report leakage or send updates on water quality.

Collaborative approach: Finally, a collaborative approach like the adoption of a public-private partnership model for water projects can help. There are already examples of best practices here. For example, in Netherlands, water companies are incorporated as private companies, with the local and national governments being majority shareholders. Involving citizens through social business models for decentralised water supply, treatment or storage installations like water ATMs, as also the appointment of water guardians who can report on various aspects of water supply and usage can help in efficient water management. Grass-root level organizations could be partnered with for programmes to spread awareness on water safety and conservation.

For BASF, the proposed solutions are an extension of their close engagement with developing water management and water treatment solutions. The products developed specially for waste and drinking water treatment, such as Zetag® ULTRA and Magnafloc® LT, focus on ensuring sustainability, efficiency and cost effectiveness in the water and sludge treatment process.

BASF is also associated with operations of Reliance Industries’ desalination plant at Jamnagar in Gujarat.The thermal plant is designed to deliver up to 170,000 cubic meters of processed water per day. The use of inge® ultrafiltration technologies allows a continuous delivery of pre-filtered water at a consistent high-quality level, while the dosage of the Sokalan® PM 15 I protects the desalination plant from scaling. This combination of BASF’s expertise minimises the energy footprint of the plant and secures water supply independent of the seasonal fluctuations. To know more about BASF’s range of sustainable solutions and innovative chemical products for the water industry, see here.

This article was produced by the Scroll marketing team on behalf of BASF and not by the Scroll editorial team.